History of Arizona Roses:
The hybrid tea rose Arizona was first bred in 1973 in the United States by Swim & Weeks. This rose breeding partnership has been around since the 1950’s and is credited with hybridizing numerous wonderful roses over the years. This variety was created by crossing elements of the hybrid tea roses Fred Howard, Golden Scepter, and Golden Rapture. The result is a great salmon colored rose that has orange hues and a very strong sweet smelling fragrance. The blooms will be typical in size for a hybrid tea and they will be large and full, having up to 40 petals each.
Arizona roses will grow to be about 5 feet tall at full maturity and roughly 4 feet across. This vigorous grower will need some additional freeze protection in the early spring to protect the new growth. Otherwise this rose will be a great addition to your garden and it even makes a great choice for a container rose if you so desire. The rose Arizona can be grown all the way down to zone 4 and anywhere warmer.
Growing Arizona Roses:
Growing the rose Arizona is a rather straight forward proposition and any previous experience that you might have growing roses will certainly come in handy. The biggest decision you have to make in the life of your roses is where to grow them. Roses typically need a lot of sun light in order to give you their best performance. This is not an area where you want to compromise so try and find your roses a location that gets at least 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. More is even better!
You also should select a location that exposes your Arizona roses to the natural air currents in your garden. This will help to keep the leaves of your rose dry and healthy. The type of soil you grow your roses in is also of great importance. The soil should drain very well if the plant is to stay healthy. Roses tend to do poorly if they are not given a brief period to dry out inbetween watering. A good soil mix for growing roses is 1 part organic compost for every 2 parts of soil. Not only is this a good overall planting mix but your rose Arizona will love it as well.
Planting Arizona Roses:
Getting your rose Arizona into the ground is not at all difficult and if you have a few basic hand tools and a little ambition, you can get the job done with great results. If you picked up your rose locally, then more than likely they sold it to you already planted in a container and probably ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container it came in, and equally as deep. This will keep the bud union at its current depth which is very important.
If you ordered your Arizona roses online, then there is a good chance that they shipped them to you as bareroot plants, which is not uncommon. These look intimidating but are again very easy to plant. You should first soak them overnight in a bucket of room temperature water to rehydrate the roots prior to planting day. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots and deep enough to set the plant atop a mound of soil, while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or two below the surface.
Once you have your rose Arizona set in place, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and then back fill the hole halfway to start, using your soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then you can go ahead and fill the hole the rest of the way. Give it one more watering and top off any final settling that may occur. Do not tamp down the soil.
Depending on your climate, you may want to mound up some fresh soil around the exposed canes until new growth has formed. This will help prevent them from drying out and you can then remove the mound back to ground level.
Caring for Arizona Roses:
Taking care of the rose Arizona is pretty simple and again, you can follow the same basic rose care guidelines that you’ve followed with your other roses. You will need to provide adequate water to your rose, while being careful not to overdo it. For most mild climates this amounts to about one deep watering per week. You should also water the base of the plant only, avoiding the leaves as much as possible.
You can give your Arizona roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the early spring when you see the leaves start to form. This will give your roses a great jump on the season. Like most hybrid tea roses, this one is a repeat bloomer also so it will do well if you can give it a couple more feedings over the course of the season. I typically give my roses a second dose right after the first big bloom and then a third sometime around the middle of the summer months. Your rose Arizona will do nicely on this schedule as well.
Pruning Arizona Roses:
You should prune your rose Arizona in the very early spring after the weather warms but before the leaves start to bud. Start by removing all the dead and discolored wood from the plant and set the cuttings aside. Next, prune back overlapping canes so the leaves will not compete for sun light later on. Lastly, give the canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the time to clean up around the base of your Arizona roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris that tends to collect around them. Throw all of this material away in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let dead matter lay around your roses as it can easily turn into a breeding ground for various pests and diseases. Finish up by giving your rose Arizona a fresh layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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