Charlotte roses were first bred prior to 1992 in the United Kingdom by David Austin. David is perhaps one of the most popular and well known rose breeders in the world, due to his many great roses produced under his English Rose Collection. This rose was created by crossing the Graham Thomas rose with the offspring of the Chaucer and Conrad Ferdinand Meyer roses. The result is a subtle yellow rose that has rich orange highlights in the center.
The rose Charlotte will produce great blooms that will grow just over 3 inches in diameter and they will have a modest fragrance. The blooms, much like the rest of David’s shrub roses, will have a ton of petals, over 100 per bloom. The plant itself will grow 3 to 6 feet tall at full maturity with a width out to 5 feet across. The rose Charlotte is somewhat susceptible to mildew and blackspot, so extra care should be taken on its growing conditions. This rose can be grown in a container with proper freeze protection and you should have not issues growing this rose in zones 5 through 10.
Growing the rose Charlotte is not all that difficult and if you have any prior experience growing roses then you should not find this one to be all that tough. The most important decision you will make in the life of your roses is where in the garden you decide to grow them. Your roses will need a lot of sun light if you want them to perform at their best, and this one is no exception. Try to select a location that gets no less than 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. More is even better!
You also will need to grow your Charlotte roses in soil that drains very well, especially varieties such as this one that are vulnerable to blackspot and mildew. If you are unsure about the quality of your garden soil you can take a trip to your local garden center and pick up a bag or two of a good quality potting soil that id mixed specifically for roses. That should take a lot of the guesswork out of it for you and your rose Charlotte will certainly thank you for it in the long run.
Getting your rose Charlotte into the ground is a simple matter and most growers can get the job done very well with just a few basic hand tools. How you go about planting your roses does depend a little bit on how you originally purchased them. If you bought your roses from a local source, then they might have already planted them for you in a container. If so, these are the easiest roses to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This will keep the bud union at its original depth while giving you plenty of room around the roots for your soil mix.
If you bought your Charlotte roses online, then they might have shipped them to you as bareroot plants, which is not uncommon. You should first soak the roots of these overnight in a bucket of room temperature water, prior to planting day. Then dig your hole as long as the widest roots on the plant and deep enough so that you can set the plant on top of a mound of soil while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or so below the surface of the soil.
Once you have your rose Charlotte set in place on top of the mound, spread the roots out in all directions and then fill the hole halfway to start, using your soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around all of the roots like mud, then go ahead and finish filling the hole. Give the soil one more heavy watering and top off any final settling that might occur. Do not tamp down the soil. This method should make sure that you don’t get air pockets around the roots of the plant.
Taking care of the rose Charlotte is not a hard task and once again, any past experience you may have growing roses will sure come in handy here as well. You will need to make sure that you are providing your roses with enough water and nutrients while being careful not to overdo it. For most climates this amounts to about one deep watering per week. If your region is hot or dry, then you should check your roses every 4 to 5 days to be safe.
You also should consider giving your Charlotte roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to open. This will get your roses off to a great start on the season. Like most of David’s roses, this one is also a repeat bloomer so a few extra feeding will do this rose well over the season. I usually give my roses their second feeding right after they have finished the first big bloom, then a third feeding around mid summer to encourage late season flushes. Your rose Charlotte should do nicely on this schedule also.
You should prune the rose Charlotte in the very early spring or late winter, when the weather begins to warm but before the leaves start to open. This makes pruning a lot easier. Start by removing all the dead and discolored wood from the plant and set your cuttings aside. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes so they do not compete for sun light when all the leaves are fully opened. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their height. This will help promote new growth.
This is also the best time to clean up around the base of your Charlotte roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris that often collects there from the last season. Throw this material away in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let dead matter lay around your roses or it could lead to a bunch of different pest or diseases problems down the line. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Charlotte a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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