History of Granada Roses:
The hybrid tea rose Granada was first bred in 1963 in the United States by Robert Lindquist. Robert is a rose breeder who works out of his family rose ranch in California. This rose was created by crossing the hybrid tea Tiffany rose with a Cavalcade rose. The result is an awesome looking red rose with bright yellow centers that will absolutely light up any flower garden or location that you can grow it in.
These roses have a strong fragrance of rose and spices and the plants themselves will grow upwards of about 6 feet tall at full maturity. The blooms will be large and somewhat full, with as many as 30 petals each. Granada roses are not overly fond of the extreme cold and they do best in zones 7 and warmer, or in places where you can provide adequate protection from extreme temperatures. I have seen growers plant the rose Granada in large containers, to add the bright colors to their porch or patio, and also giving them the option of bringing the container into a sheltered location during the worst winter months.
Growing Granada Roses:
You should plan to grow your rose Granada in a location that gets as much full sun throughout the day as you can give it. Many varieties will do ok if you grow them in sites that get partial shade, but they will rarely live up to expectations. A good rule of thumb for most types of roses is to give them no less than 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light.
You also will need to grow your Granada roses in soil that drains well. This is not such a concern if you are growing them in containers as you just simply select the proper potting soil. If you are growing your rose in the flower garden, then this is a much bigger concern. I always tell growers, if you are unsure about the quality of your garden soil, take a trip to the local garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost. Mix the compost into the soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. This is a great mix and your rose Granada will absolutely love it!
Planting Granada Roses:
Getting your rose Granada into the ground is relatively easy and just about anyone can get the job done with a little ambition and a few basic hand tools. How you go about planting depends a little bit on where you bought your roses. If you bought your rose from a local nursery, then there is a good chance that it came already planted in a container and ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This keeps the bud union at the same depth and gives you plenty of room around roots for your new soil mix.
If you bought your Granada roses from an online nursery, then they might have sent them to you as bareroot plants, which is very common. You should first soak these overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water prior to planting day, to rehydrate the roots. Then dig a hole as wide as the longest roots on the plant, and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil, and keeping the bud union no more than an inch or two below the surface.
Once you have your rose Granada set in place, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and then back fill the hole halfway to start, using your soil mix. Water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then go ahead and fill the hole the rest of the way. Give the soil one more heavy watering and top off any final settling that may occur. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
You also may need to mound up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes until new growth has formed. This will help prevent the canes from drying out if you live in a dry region.
Caring for Granada Roses:
Taking care of the rose Granada is pretty simple and straight forward, and you can follow the same care guidelines that you do on any other hybrid tea rose. You will need to provide ample water to your roses, while taking care not to overwater them. For most climates this amounts to one deep watering per week. If you live in a hot or dry climate however, you may need to check them every couple of days to make sure they are getting sufficient moisture.
You also should give your Granada roses a dose of an all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to form. This helps them get off to a great start. Like most hybrid tea roses, this one is also a repeat bloomer so it can benefit from additional feedings over the course of the growing season. I will usually give my roses a second feeding right after the first big bloom, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of the summer to encourage additional flushes. Your rose Granada will do well on this schedule also!
Pruning Granada Roses:
You should prune your rose Granada in the very early spring before the leaves have started to form. This will make it easier to see what you are doing. Start by removing all the dead and discolored canes from the plant, and set these aside. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes, as these will compete for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the time to clean up around the base of your Granada roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris the may be laying around from the last growing season. Throw all of this material away in the trash, along with your cuttings. Never let decaying matter lay around your roses. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Granada a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the new season.
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