History of John Cabot Roses:
The rose John Cabot was first bred in 1969 in Canada by Dr Felicitas Svejda. This rose was created by crossing a H. Wulff Rosa kordesii with a pollen plant from a rose Masquerade and Rosa laxa Retzius. The result is a red hybrid kordesii rose that produces large blooms that have a somewhat mild fragrance. The blooms also tend to be quite full, having as many as 40 petals each.
John Cabot roses are also very hardy and can be grown successfully in zones all the way down to 2 and any that are warmer. This rose also has a very high resistance to diseases which makes it a great choice among newer rose growers, or those who do not want a high maintenance plant. You can expect the rose John Cabot to grow upwards of about 8 feet tall if left unchecked, and it will easily spread out to widths of about 10 feet across. This is a great rose to make the centerpiece of your next garden or flower bed.
Growing John Cabot Roses:
Growing the rose John Cabot is pretty straight forward and you can follow the same rose care guidelines that you do with your other roses. The biggest decision you will make in the life of your roses is where you plant them. Roses need a lot of sun light to do their work and the more you can give them the better. A good rule of thumb is 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. Some varieties will do fairly well in partial shade, but few will do as well as they would in full sun.
You also need to make sure that you are growing your John Cabot roses in soil that drains well. This isn’t a huge concern if you are growing them in containers, however if you are planting your roses in the garden then this is something to think about. If you are unsure about the quality of your garden soil, then take a trip to the local garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost. Mix this into your garden soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. Your rose John Cabot will love this mix.
Planting John Cabot Roses:
Getting your rose John Cabot in the ground is a pretty easy task and just about anyone can do it with a few basic hand tools. How you go about planting however does depend a little bit on how you purchased your roses. If you bought them from a local supplier, then they were probably already planted in a 2 or 3 gallon container and ready to bloom. These are the easiest roses to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This gives you plenty of room around the roots for your soil mix while keeping the bud union at its current depth.
If you ordered your John Cabot roses online, then chances are they were shipped to you as bareroot plants, which is very common. These you should soak first overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water to help rehydrate the roots. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots, and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil and keep the bud union no more than an inch or two below the surface.
Once you have your rose John Cabot set in place, spread the roots out in all directions and then back fill the hole halfway to start. Take your garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then back fill the hole the rest of the way. Give it one more heavy watering, being sure to top off any final settling that may occur. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots. You also may want to mound up some fresh soil around the roots, to help prevent the exposed canes from drying out until new growth has formed.
Caring for John Cabot Roses:
Taking care of your rose John Cabot is a breeze and again, you can pretty much follow the same techniques you use on your other roses. You will need to provide ample water to your roses, especially during the bloom cycle. For most climates, one deep watering per week is usually sufficient. If you live in a hot or dry climate however, you should check them every couple of days. Always water your roses at the bottom, do not get the leaves wet if you can avoid it.
You also should give your John Cabot roses a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to form. This will give your roses a good jump on the growing season. For the most part this variety is a single bloomer. Occasionally you may get another flush later on in the season. If you want to help encourage this you can provide a few additional feedings over the course of the season. You might get lucky and your rose John Cabot may reward you for it again.
Pruning John Cabot Roses:
You should always prune the rose John Cabot in the early spring before the leaves have formed. Start by removing all the dead and discolored wood from the plant. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes that overlap as these will eventually compete for sun light once the leaves have opened. Lastly, give the remaining canes a prune back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the time to clean up around the base of your John Cabot roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris that have collected there. Throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let this material lay around and never toss them into the compost bin. Finish up by giving your rose John Cabot a fresh layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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