History of Miniature Rose Trees:
Miniature tree roses are not something you see in every garden because they require far more maintenance than traditional roses. Tree roses are not something that you will find out in nature occurring naturally. They are man-made creations, taking traditional rose bushes and shaping them to look like miniature trees. They require a lot more attention and care than your other roses, but many die hard growers believe the results to be well worth the extra effort.
Miniature rose trees are not new to the market. These beautiful creations have been around for centuries in North America and Europe. Unfortunately back then, you would have had to find your way onto a wealthy estate to get a good look at one. Nowadays anyone can buy and grow tree roses in their own garden, provided you have the ambition. They will do well in most warmer climates, however if you have severe winters then you might want to consider growing them in a container, so that you can take them inside over the coldest months.
Growing Miniature Rose Trees:
Growing miniature tree roses is not unlike growing traditional roses, you just need to keep up with them a little bit more. You should place them in a location that gets as much sun light as possible. They can survive in areas subjected to partial shade, but they will often not perform as well. A good rule to follow is to give them at least 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. If you are able to provide your tree roses with more, then that is all the better.
Your miniature rose trees will also want to live in soil that drains well. Like most roses, keeping your tree roses wet for long periods of time can many times lead to various disease and pest infestations. Another good way to help combat both of these is to pick a spot that gets good air flow through your garden. I find this is often overlooked among many grower to the plant’s detriment. Good air flow around and through your roses will help tremendously towards keeping the leaves of your plant dry, which in turn helps keep the plant healthier and reduces the risk of disease.
Planting Miniature Rose Trees:
Planting your tree roses is a little bit different from planting other roses. Because they are man-made creations, you will almost certainly purchase them in containers, already established. The first thing you should do is make sure that you have a bag of organic compost handy prior to planting. When you dig your hole, mix in some of the compost with the loose soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. This is a great rose mix that helps them acclimate to their new home well.
You will need to be very careful when removing your miniature rose trees from their existing container, being sure not to damage or break the trunk of the plant. Dig yourself a hole that is at least twice the diameter of the container they came in, and equally as deep. This will give you plenty of room for your new soil mix while still keeping the root system at the same depth they were originally planted. Back fill your hole about halfway to start, with your new soil mix. Then, using your garden how, water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud. Back fill the hole the rest of the way and give it one more heavy watering, being sure to top off any settling that may occur. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
Caring for Miniature Rose Trees:
Taking care of your miniature tree roses is not much different than other roses. One of the biggest considerations is supporting the plant as it grows and fills out. Because of the unique design of tree roses, they tend to get top heavy and in a strong wind, they could sustain damage. Drive a long stake into the soil near the trunk and tie off the plant at intervals so that it stays upright.
Since miniature rose trees tend to be vigorous growers and bloomers, you should give them a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves start to form. Most varieties of miniature roses are also repeat bloomers so you would do well to give them a couple additional feedings over the course of the growing season. I will often give my roses a second dose of fertilizer just after the first big bloom, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of summer to encourage some late season flushes.
Pruning Miniature Rose Trees:
Pruning your miniature tree roses is a little different than you might be used to. As always, you still start off by removing all the dead wood and canes that look discolored from disease. You will have to take into account the weight distribution of the remaining canes however. Uneven pruning can cause your tree rose to lean one way or the other, putting undue stress on the cane. Always prune evenly on all sides to maintain the general shape of your rose.
You should also take the time to clean up around the base of your miniature rose trees and get rid of any dead leaves and debris that may have collected there over the previous growing season. Never let any of this material lay around the base of your roses because they could become breeding grounds for certain pests and diseases. If grown in the garden, I always finish up my pruning by giving my roses a fresh layer of mulch to start off the new season.
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