History of Oklahoma Roses:
The hybrid tea rose Oklahoma was first bred in the United States, prior to 1963, by Swim & Weeks. This famous partnership of breeders began in the ‘50s with their first rose White Charm. This particular rose was created by crossing the two hybrid tea roses Chrysler Imperial and Charles Mallerin. The result is a classic dark red rose that produces nice, large 5 inch blooms that have a very strong old rose fragrance. The blooms on this rose will be very full, having as many as 50 petals each.
Oklahoma roses will grow quite tall for hybrid tea roses, reaching heights up to 8 feet tall at full maturity. They will also spread out to widths of about 4 feet across, so make sure that you choose the location carefully and leave them enough room. This rose is very resistant to diseases however it is not overly fond of extreme temperatures. You will get the best results from this rose if you grow it in zones 7 through 10. The strong fragrance of the rose Oklahoma makes it a great choice for cut flower arrangements.
Growing Oklahoma Roses:
Growing the rose Oklahoma is rather straight forward and if you have prior experience growing hybrid tea roses, then you will be happy to hear that you already know what you need to know. The most important decision that you will make in the life of your roses is where in the garden you grow them. Roses require quite a bit of sun light if you want them to perform well. These are not shade loving plants. Try to grow them in a location that gets no less than 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light.
You also should grow your Oklahoma roses in a spot that gets good air circulation through your garden. This will help keep the leaves dry and healthy. Roses will also require soil that drains well. This is not so much of a concern if you are growing them in containers, but it is if you are growing them in the garden. I always suggest to growers that if you are unsure about the quality of your garden soil, take a trip to your local garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost. Mix this into your soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. Your rose Oklahoma will love this mix.
Planting Oklahoma Roses:
Getting your rose Oklahoma into the ground is relatively easy and most people can get the job done with a little ambition and some basic hand tools. If you picked up your rose from a local supplier, then there is a very good chance they already had it planted for you in a container and it was probably ready to bloom. All you need to do for these is dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container, and equally as deep. This keeps the bud union at the same depth but still gives you ample room around the roots for your soil mix.
If you bought your Oklahoma roses online, then perhaps they shipped them to you as bareroot plants. These can look intimidating but they aren’t difficult either. You should first soak them overnight in a bucket of room temperature water prior to planting day. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or two below the surface.
Once you have your rose Oklahoma set in place atop the mound, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and then back fill the hole halfway to start. Take your garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then fill the hole the rest of the way. Give the soil one more heavy watering and be sure to top off any final settling that might occur. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
If your weather is dry or hot during planting time, you may need to mound up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes. This will help prevent them from drying out while new growth is forming, after which you can remove the mound down to ground level.
Caring for Oklahoma Roses:
Taking care of the rose Oklahoma is pretty easy and just as I said before, any prior experience you have growing roses will come in handy here. You will need to make sure that you provide adequate water for your roses, while taking care not to overdo it. So much of this is dependent on your particular climate, but a good rule of thumb is one deep watering per week. If your climate is hot and dry, then you may need to check your roses every couple of days.
You also should give your Oklahoma roses a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when you see the leaves forming. This will give them a great jump on the season. Like most hybrid tea roses, this one is also a repeat bloomer and will benefit from additional feedings over the course of the growing season. I will usually give my roses a second feeding right after the first big bloom has finished, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of the summer to encourage late season blooms. Your rose Oklahoma will do nicely on this schedule as well.
Pruning Oklahoma Roses:
You should always prune the rose Oklahoma in the very early spring before the leaves have started to sprout. This makes it much easier to see what you are doing. Start by removing all the dead and discolored canes from the plant and set these aside. Next, prune back any lateral canes that overlap one another as these could compete with one another for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height.
This is the time to also clean up around the base of your Oklahoma roses to get rid of all the debris that may be lying around from the previous season. Throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let dead matter lay around your roses. Finish up by giving your rose Oklahoma a fresh layer of mulch to start the new growing season.
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