All About Miniature Roses - History:
The history of miniature roses is often confusing and many of the authorities on roses often contradict one another as to where and how these little roses first came into being. For instance you might find one reference that will say a particular variety has never grown on its own in the wild, while another one will trace its origins back thousands of years.
Many of the miniature roses you see today are sports of other varieties, some cultivated, some discovered in the wild. While the parentage of many varieties is not fully known, when you start researching materials that are all about miniature roses, you discover a great many similarities, as well as quite a few rabbit holes you will inevitably go down in your exploration. Growing miniature roses has become a popular hobby in its own right, and you will find many growers that are dedicated to simply growing these fabulous little roses!
All About Miniature Roses - Growing:
Growing miniature roses is sometimes a little different than growing their larger cousins. You will often see these roses grown in containers on a porch or patio because their short growth habits make them very versatile and easy to manage. Most miniature roses are vigorous growers that will bloom repeatedly over the course of the growing season. As such, you should try to find a location for them that gets ample exposure to sun light. A good rule of thumb is to give them at least 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. While many varieties will still thrive in partial shade, you will find they just do not produce as many blooms.
You also will want to grow your miniature roses in soil that drains well. This is especially easy if you are growing in containers as you can simply select the growing mix you desire. There are a number of books out there that are all about miniature roses that can give you some great ideas too. If you are unsure about the quality of your garden soil, I would suggest taking a trip to your local garden center and picking up a bag of organic compost. Mix that in with your soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. Your roses will love this mix.
All About Miniature Roses - Planting:
When learning all about miniature roses, you will come across various instructions on how to plant them. Planting your roses depends a little bit on where and how your purchased them. If you bought them from a local nursery, then more than likely they were already planted in containers and probably ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant. Dig yourself a hole that is twice the diameter of the container, and equally as deep. This will give you plenty of room for your soil mix while still keeping the bud union at its current depth.
If you bought your miniature roses from an online retailer, they may have shipped them to you as bareroot plants. You should soak these overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water prior to planting day. Then dig the hole as wide as the longest roots on the plant, and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil and still keep the bud union an inch or two below the surface.
Spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and back fill the hole halfway with water to start. Give the loose soil a heavy watering with the garden hose until it flows around the roots like mud. Then go ahead and back fill the hole the rest of the way and give it one more good watering. Be sure to top off any final settling that may occur. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
All About Miniature Roses – Care of:
Taking care of your miniature roses is pretty simple and straight forward. You will need to make sure that you provide them with ample water, especially if you are growing them in containers as they tend to dry out very quickly. Most reference materials that are all about miniature roses will suggest one deep watering per week, unless you live in a hot or dry climate.
You should also give your roses a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to form. Since most varieties of miniature roses are repeat bloomers, they will benefit greatly from additional feedings throughout the growing season. I will usually give my roses another feeding right after the first big bloom has ended, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of the summer to promote late season blooms.
All About Miniature Roses - Pruning:
You should always prune your miniature roses in the early spring before the leaves form. This makes it very easy to see what needs cut back. You should first remove all the dead wood, along with any canes that look discolored. Next, prune back any lateral canes that overlap one another as they will eventually compete for sun light once the leaves form. Most authorities that are all about miniature roses will also tell you to cut back the remaining canes about one third of their current height, to promote new growth.
This is also a great time to clean up around the base of your roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris that may have collected there from the previous growing season. Throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let these lay around your roses or throw them into the compost bin. I always finish up my pruning by giving my roses a fresh layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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