History of America Climbing Roses:
The climbing rose America was first bred in 1976 in the United States by William Warriner and later introduced to market by Jackson & Perkins. William Warriner worked for Jackson & Perkins for over 25 years and is credited with raising 150 varieties or more of roses during his tenure. The climbing rose America was created by crossing the hybrid tea Fragrant Cloud rose with the Tradition rose, also a hybrid tea rose.
The result of this crossing is a beautiful pink rose with shades of orange or salmon. The blooms are of a decent size, averaging about 3.5 inches in diameter and they are quite full, having upwards of 40 or more petals each. America Climbing roses have a strong fragrance and the blooms will form in small clusters across the plant. The America tends to stay a little more compact than some other types of climbing roses, only growing 6 to 12 feet tall at full maturity. This is actually a blessing for some growers who want the beauty of a climbing rose, but may not have the space to provide it.
Growing America Climbing Roses:
The climbing rose America is a pretty hardy plant by most rose standards and it can thrive in zones 4 through 9. It is also bred to be very resistant to diseases, making it a favorite among growers who are looking for a low maintenance rose bush. The America is a repeat bloomer which means if you give it the proper growing conditions and dead head the spent blooms, it will continue to bloom in flushes from spring through fall. As a repeat bloomer, it is a variety that will do its best work in full sun.
Many types of roses will do well in shady locations and most varieties will grow just find in moderate sun light. Regardless of the variety however, roses will almost always bloom more profusely if you give them a location that gets full sun light. At a minimum, you will want to provide America climbing roses with at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sun each day. If you can give them exposure to the morning sun, that is even preferable as this will help to burn away the morning dew and keep the leaves dry and healthy.
Planting America Climbing Roses:
Planting the climbing rose America is not a difficult task, but it does depend a little on where and how your purchased the plant. Before you do any digging however, I always recommend to growers that they take a trip to their local nursery or garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost (if they do not make their own). This stuff makes a great soil amendment for just about any garden if you mix it in with the loose soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil.
If you picked up your America climbing roses locally, then chances are they were already established in containers and probably ready to bloom. These are really the easiest ones to plant as the guesswork has already been done for you. All you need to do to plant these is dig yourself a hole that is at least twice the diameter of the container it came in, and equally as deep. This will give you plenty of room around the root ball for your new soil mix, while still keeping the bud union at the same planting depth it was in the container.
If you bought the climbing rose America from an online nursery, they most likely shipped it to you as a bareroot plant. Many gardeners find these intimidating but they are not difficult to plant either. The first thing you should do is soak the plant in a bucket of lukewarm water overnight, prior to planting day, to help re-hydrate the plant. Then dig yourself a hole that is wide enough to fit the longest roots on the plant without bending them. Make sure the hole is deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil and still keep the bud union about an inch or two below the surface of the soil.
Once you have your America climbing roses set in place on the mound, spread out the roots in all directions down around the mound. Back fill the hole about halfway with your new soil and then take a garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud. Then go ahead and back fill the hole the rest of the way and give it one more heavy watering. This should ensure that there are no air pockets beneath the surface of the soil.
Caring for America Climbing Roses:
Caring for the climbing rose America is not all that difficult. Like all roses, this one needs ample water so that it can produce continuous blooms, however it will not perform as well if you keep it constantly soaked. A good rule of thumb is one deep watering each week. If you are unsure, stick your finger into the soil at the base of the plant. If it comes out wet, then there is no need to water it again.
You can give your climbing rose America a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves start to bud. Since this is a repeat bloomer, it will benefit greatly from additional feedings over the growing season. I will usually give a second dose right before the first big bloom opens, and then a third dose around the middle of the summer to encourage additional blooms.
Pruning America Climbing Roses:
The climbing rose America doesn't need a lot in the way of pruning as you will most likely want to allow it to grow big and tall. In early spring each season, before the leaves form, you should go out and remove all the dead wood, as well as any canes that look unhealthy. It's also a good idea to cut back any lateral canes that overlap one another, so they don't compete for sunlight later on. Then just give it a general pruning for the desired shape.
Early spring is also a great time to rake up around the base of the climbing rose America to clean up any dead leaves and debris that may have collected there. Never let this material lay around as it could become a breeding ground for certain pests and diseases. Throw this material away in the trash with your cuttings, never throw them into the compost pile. I always finish up by giving my roses a nice fresh layer of mulch.
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