History of Black Baccara Roses:
the Black Baccara was first introduced in France in the year 2000 by Meilland International. It was hybridized by Jacques Mouchotte who crossed a Feugo Negro rose with a Celica rose. The rose Black Baccara was later introduced into the United States in 2002 by Conard Pyle/Star Roses of Pennsylvania. The Black Baccara is not actually black at all but rather a deep dark red.
This hybrid tea rose is commonly grown as a florist rose for cut flowers. Even though the rose does not have a fragrance to speak of, the beautiful red blooms of this variety are truly stunning in any arrangement.
Black Baccara roses grow to about a height of around 6 feet tall and tend to be very narrow bushes that produce solitary blooms averaging a little over 3 inches in diameter. The petals are somewhat full, typically containing as many as 45 petals each.
The rose Black Baccara is a repeat bloomer so your garden will be blessed with ample flushes for much of the growing season. This rose makes a welcome addition to just about any of your landscaping ideas and it is often grown as a border rose or placed in beds as a centerpiece.
Growing Black Baccara Roses:
The rose Black Baccara is not a very hardy rose and it is only hardy in zones 7 and warmer. Anything colder and you will need to provide some sort of freeze protection for it or you may not see it again in the spring. This variety is very susceptible to freezing.
If you decide to grow this variety in your own garden, you will need to make sure that you provide it with a location that gets ample sun light. This is not a rose that will perform well in shady or partially shady spots. A good rule of thumb is a minimum of 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light, however if you can give it more, all the better.
Black Baccara roses also will need a location that has well drained soil. If the spot you've chosen tends to stay damp for long periods of time, then it is probably not a great choice for this rose. There are a few ways that you can amend your garden soil to make it more agreeable to this rose, and we will discuss one of those options in the next section about planting.
Planting Black Baccara Roses:
Planting the rose Black Baccara is very easy and can be done by following a few basic guidelines for planting roses in general. Before you get started digging however, I highly recommend that you pick up a bag of organic compost at your local garden center. This stuff is usually very reasonably priced and it is worth its weight in gold.
Anytime I dig up my soil for planting, I always place it into a wheel barrow and mix it with the organic compost at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. This makes a great garden mix and the compost is rich in nutrients that roses just love. The Black Baccara will be no different!
If you received your Black Baccara roses as a bareroot plant, then you will need to dig your hole plenty wide enough to fit the roots. The idea here is to make sure that you aren't forcing the roots into the hole. You will also need to dig it deep enough so that you can mound up some soil in the center, and keep the bud union about an inch or two below to surface of the soil.
If you got your roses locally in a container, then planting is even easier. I generally dig these holes about twice the diameter of the container, and the same depth. This gives you plenty of space for your new soil mix and it also keep the bud union at the same depth it was originally planted.
Set your bareroot Black Baccara roses in the center of the hole upon a mound of soil, and spread out the roots in all directions angling downward. Then back fill the hole about halfway with your soil mix and water it until it is almost like mud. Then back fill the rest of the way and give it one more thorough watering. This will ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
For a container plant, you can just set the plant and back fill as the roots have already been established.
Caring for Black Baccara Roses:
Taking care of your Black Baccara is pretty easy as well. First, make sure that you monitor its moisture level. As a general rule of thumb, one thorough watering per week should be sufficient unless you live in an unusually warm climate. Then you may need to water a little more often. Just check the soil at the base of the rose Black Baccara by sticking your finger in it. If it comes out damp or wet, you don't need to water just yet.
You can feed your Black Baccara roses in early spring when the leaves begin to form. Since this is a repeat bloomer you may want to give it another feeding just as the first big bloom starts to develop, and a third feeding around the middle of the summer to encourage additional flushes.
Pruning Black Baccara Roses:
Pruning your Black Baccara should be done in early spring before the leaves form. Start off by removing any canes that are dead or look like they may be diseased. Dispose of these immediately along with any leaves or debris lying around the base of the plant as these could lead to pests and diseases.
Next, start cutting off any lateral canes that overlap one another as these will ultimately compete with one another for sun light once the leaves open up. Lastly, trim back the remaining canes to about one third of their original height and you are good to go.
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