History of Climbing Casino Roses:
Casino yellow roses were first bred in Ireland by Samuel McGredy in 1963 by cross breeding the climbing rose Coral Dawn, with the hybrid tea rose Buccaneer. The result was a stunning vigorous climber that produces beautiful soft yellow blooms that have a surprisingly strong fragrance. Casino yellow roses will produce one strong bloom at the beginning of the growing season, but will continue with sporadic, occasional blooms later in the summer if the spent blooms are deadheaded.
Climbing Casino roses will grow big and tall if you allow them to, so don't be surprised if yours grow upwards of 12 feet or more with proper care. They also tend to get very wide compared to some other varieties of climbing roses, as much as 8 feet or so. It's a good idea to plant the Casino yellow roses in a location where they have a lot of room to spread out, such as around a porch pillar or an arbor or trellis. The Casino is a little less hardy than some other climbers, but you won't have any trouble cultivating them in zones 6 through 9.
Growing Climbing Casino Roses:
Growing Casino yellow roses is extremely rewarding and by and large, they are not terribly difficult to maintain. I personally love the yellow roses over most others I've grown, so I've got several different varieties growing around my garden. I'm partial to the climbers myself where they can grow big and tall up the side of a fence or my home. The biggest thing you need to keep in mind about roses is their exposure to sun light. Roses in general can survive in spots that get partial shade, but they rarely do their best.
If you truly want your roses to perform, and who doesn't, then you will need to find a spot for your climbing Casino roses that gets a lot of sun light. The usual rule of thumb is at least 6 hours each day, but the more the better. You also should pay attention to how well the soil drains in the spot you have chosen, as well as how good the air circulation is. If the soil doesn't drain well, and/or the location you've selected is too sheltered from air flow, you may find that your roses are prone to get diseases each growing season. Site selection is critical for roses to perform well so don't neglect this step.
Planting Climbing Casino Roses:
Planting your Casino yellow roses is easy and anyone can do it with a few basic hand tools. Before you start digging your hole, I always suggest to growers that you make sure you have a bag of organic compost on hand, along with a wheel barrow. Most growers think their soil is just fine but I learned years ago that no matter how good you think it is, it can always be better. When you dig your hole, place the soil in the wheel barrow and mix it with the compost at a ratio of 2 parts soil to 1 part compost.
If you got your climbing Casino roses from the local nursery in a container, then dig a hole that is the same depth as the container, but about twice the diameter. If you received a bareroot plant, then you will want to dig a hole that is wide enough to allow the roots to lay out naturally, and deep enough so that the bud union is about an inch or two below the surface of the soil. Also make sure to allow enough depth so you can mound up some soil in the center of the hole to set the plant on.
Once you are sure that you have your Casino yellow roses set at the right depth, lay out the roots down the sides of the soil mound angling outward and downward. Using your new soil mix from the wheel barrow, back fill the hole about halfway to start with, then give it a nice thorough watering until it is almost like mud. Let the water drain and then back fill the hole the rest of the way and water it again. This method helps to ensure even coverage of the roots and usually prevents any air pockets from forming.
Caring for Climbing Casino Roses:
Caring for your Casino yellow roses is pretty easy as this particular variety is not too high maintenance. You will need to pay attention as to how much water you give it, but the same can be said for any variety of rose. A good rule of thumb for most regions is one good watering a week, however if your climate is unusually hot and dry, you may need to step it up to every 4 to 5 days. A good way to tell if your roses need water is to stick your finger down into the soil near the base. If it comes out damp, then they don't need water.
You can also feed your climbing Casino roses at the very start of Spring, just as the leaves begin to develop. While you can feed your Casinos again throughout the summer, you may find it unnecessary as this variety is not a big repeat bloomer. If you do decide to go with multiple feedings, do no more than 3 in any given season, and allow at least 4 weeks in between feedings.
Pruning Climbing Casino Roses:
Pruning Casino yellow roses is a task you should perform in late winter or early Spring, before the leaves begin to form. This makes it easier to see what you are cutting off. The first step as always is to remove any dead or diseased canes from the previous season. Then, since this is a climbing variety, you are mostly pruning for shape above all else. If you are trying to train your Casinos to a certain shape, prune back the canes to the next nearest bud that is facing the way you want the cane to grow. It takes a bit of practice, but once you get the hang of it, it really is quite easy.
Always make sure you dispose of the cuttings and old leaves, never let them lay around the base of the plant as this is an invitation for diseases and pests.
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