History of Earthquake Roses:
The miniature rose Earthquake was first bred in 1983 in the United States by Ralph Moore. Ralph was a renowned rose breeder who started Sequoia Nursery in California, and spent much of his career focusing on miniature roses. This particular variety was created by crossing the rose Golden Angel with a pollen plant from the Dortmund rose and a no. 33 stripe. The result is a rather stunning yellow rose that has red stripes or streaks through it.
Earthquake roses will grow about a foot and a half tall at full maturity and will produce small blooms about an inch and a half in diameter. The blooms will have very little fragrance however they will be extremely full and contain upwards of 50 or so petals each. The rose Earthquake is a prolific bloomer and a vigorous grower and it is equally at home in either your flower bed, or in a container displayed on your porch or patio.
Growing Earthquake Roses:
Growing the rose Earthquake is much the same as growing any other type of rose you might have in your garden. You will need to make sure that you are providing it with ample direct sun light. A good rule of thumb is to provide your roses with at least 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. If you are able to give them more however, that is even better. Many varieties will do fairly well in partial shade, but you will almost always get better results on roses planted in full sun.
You also will want to grow your Earthquake roses in soil that drains well. This is really easy to do if you are going to grow them in containers as you just simply buy the appropriate potting mix. If you are going to grow your roses in the garden however, then this becomes a larger concern. If you are unsure about the overall quality of your garden soil, I suggest you take a trip to the local garden center and pick up a bag of a good brand of organic compost. Mix this into your soil when you dig the hole at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. This is a great planting mix and your rose Earthquake will absolutely love it as well.
Planting Earthquake Roses:
Getting your rose Earthquake into the ground is a pretty simple matter and most folks can get the job done rather easily with a few basic hand tools. If you bought your rose from a local nursery, then there’s a good chance it was already planted in a container and ready to bloom. These are the easiest to get planted. You will want to dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container it came in, and equally as deep. This will keep the bus union at the same depth while giving you ample room around the roots for your soil mix.
Now if you bought your Earthquake roses online, then they might have shipped them to you as bareroot plants, which is very common. You should first soak these overnight in a bucket of room temperature water to rehydrate the roots. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil and still keep the bud union no more than an inch or two below the surface of the soil.
Once you have your rose Earthquake set in place, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and then back fill the hole halfway to start. Take your garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then back fill the rest of the way. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots. You also may want to mound up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes to help prevent them from drying out, until new growth starts to form.
Caring for Earthquake Roses:
Taking care of the rose Earthquake is actually straight forward and again, you can follow the same rose care guidelines that you are already using. Most importantly is making sure that your roses receive ample water to do their work. This is a bit of a balancing act to make sure that you do not overwater them. For most climates one deep watering per week is usually sufficient. If you live in a hot or dry climate however, you will need to check them every couple of days.
You also should give your Earthquake roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to form. Like most miniature roses, this variety is a repeat bloomer as well so it will benefit greatly from additional feedings over the course of the growing season. I will usually give my roses a second feeding right after the first big bloom, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of the summer to encourage late season blooms. Your rose Earthquake will do well on this schedule also.
Pruning Earthquake Roses:
You should always prune your rose Earthquake in the early spring before the leaves begin to form. Start by removing all the dead and discolored canes and set them aside. Then prune back any lateral canes that overlap so these do not compete for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the time to clean up around the base of your Earthquake roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris. Throw all this material away in the trash, along with your cuttings. Never let decaying matter lay around your roses. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Earthquake a fresh layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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