Europeana Roses

History of Europeana Roses:

Europeana roses were first bred in the Netherlands in 1963 by De Ruiter Innovations BV.  This gorgeous floribunda was created by crossing the Ruth Leuwerik rose with the Rosemary Rose.  The result is a stunning dark red floribunda that is tolerant of the heat and can be grown in zones 5 and warmer.  This is a great rose for growing as the centerpiece of a small garden where the masses of red blooms will be sure to catch the eye of any passerby.

The blooms on Europeana roses will grow to about 3 or 4 inches in diameter and they will carry with them only a mild fragrance.  The blooms will also not be all that full but they will have around 15 to 20 petals each.  The plant itself will stay fairly compact, growing about 2 to 3 feet tall.  The rose Europeana is a strong grower in addition to its tolerance of heat, but the plant is a little susceptible to mildew, so make sure that you pay attention to the growing conditions.  Like many other floribundas, this rose is also a repeat bloomer.

Growing Europeana Roses:

Growing the rose Europeana is not all that difficult and if you have had any experience in the past growing floribunda roses, then you will not find this variety all that challenging.  The biggest choice that you will have to make when growing roses is where in the garden you want to grow them.  Roses need a lot of sun light if you want them to give you their best performance, and this one is no exception.  You should try to pick a site that will get no less than 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun.  more is even better!

You also are going to want to grow your Europeana roses in soil that drains well.  This is not as big of a concern if you are growing your roses in containers, because containers tend to dry out much faster.  However this is a big issue if you are growing your roses in the garden.  There are a great many soil mixes available commercially that you can choose from to solve this problem.  You also should try to select a location that provides good airflow to your rose Europeana.  This goes a long way towards keeping the leaves dry and healthy.

Planting Europeana Roses:

Getting your rose Europeana into the ground is not at all difficult and most gardeners can get the job done with just a few basic tools, regardless of your skill level.  How you bought your rose does depend a little bit on how you plant it.  If you bought one from a local nursery then more than likely it was already started in a container.  These are the easiest roses to plant.  Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep.  This gives you ample space around the roots for your soil mix while keeping the bud union at its original depth.

If you bought your Europeana roses from an online vendor, then there is a very good chance that they were shipped to you as bareroot plants.  These may look intimidating but they are really not.  You should first soak the roots in a bucket of lukewarm water prior to planting day, to rehydrate the roots.  Then dig yourself a hole that is as wide as the longest roots, and deep enough to allow you to set your plant atop a mound of soil, while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or so below the surface.

Once you have your rose Europeana set in place on top of the mound, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and then back fill the hole only halfway to start, using your soil mix.  Using your garden hose, water the loose soil heavily until it flows all around the roots like mud.  Then you can go ahead and continue filling the hole the rest of the way with soil.  Give the loose soil one more heavy watering but do not tamp down.  This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots of your plant.

If you live in a hot or dry region, you may want to mound up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes of the plant, just until new growth has formed.  This will prevent the plant from drying out while it is taking root.

Caring for Europeana Roses:

Taking care of the rose Europeana is fairly straight forward and once again, any prior experience you have growing roses will certainly come in handy here.  You will need to make sure that you are providing your roses with ample water.  For most mild climates this usually amounts to one deep watering every week.  If you live in a hot or dry region, you should check your roses every 4 to 5 days.  Just make sure not to overwater them.

You also should consider giving your Europeana roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to bud.  This is an easy and great way to give your roses a fast jump on the growing season.  Like many other floribunda roses, this one is a repeat bloomer as well so it will benefit nicely from a few additional feedings over the course of the growing season.  I usually will give my roses a second feeding right after the first big bloom, and then a third feeding in the middle of the summer to encourage additional blooms later in the season.  Your rose Europeana will do well on this schedule also.

Pruning Europeana Roses:

You should prune your rose Europeana in the very early spring when the weather starts to warm, but before the leaves start to bud.  This makes it much easier to see what you are doing.  Start by removing all the dead and discolored canes from the plant and set your cuttings aside.  Next, prune back any overlapping canes so they do not compete with one another for sun light once the leaves fully open.  Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to help promote new growth.

This is also the time to clean up around the base of your Europeana roses.  Rake up all the dead leaves and debris and throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings.  Never let dead matter lay around your roses and never throw it into the compost bin.  Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Europeana a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the growing season.

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Europeana Roses
Europeana Roses
Europeana Roses
Europeana Roses
Europeana Roses