Floradora roses were first bred in 1944 in Germany by Mathias Tantau. Mathias Tantau was a well-known German rose breeder around the turn of the century. He was a rare breeder in the sense that he very rarely would reveal the parentage of the various roses that he bred. This particular rose was bred by crossing the Baby Chateau rose with the Rosa roxburghii Tratt. The result is a salmon colored Floribunda rose that is an instant classic.
The rose Floradora will produce blooms that are a little smaller than what you might be used to seeing on a Floribunda rose, only averaging about 2 inches or so in diameter. The blooms will be only somewhat full, with about 25 or so petals each. The plant itself will grow to a height of around 3 feet tall with a similar width of 3 feet across at full maturity. This rose bush tends to stay short and compact while spreading out a little more than usual. This rose is best suited to zones 6 through 9.
Growing the rose Floradora is not really any different than growing any other type of Floribunda rose. The biggest decision you will need to make is where in the garden you ultimately choose to grow it. Roses in general require a lot of sun light if you want them to perform at their best and this variety is no exception. Try to select a location that gets at least 6 to 8 hours a day of full sun. if you can provide it with more than that is even better.
You also will want to grow your Floradora roses in soil that drains well. This is extremely important and yet this is one of the biggest mistakes that I see new growers make when adding roses to their gardens. If a rose is grown in soil that doesn’t have a chance to dry out a little, you will often find that the plant become spindly and unhealthy. Don’t worry though; this is a very easy issue to overcome. You will find that there are a wide range of soil mixes available on the commercial market today, many of which are designed specifically for growing roses. Select the one that is best suited to your application and use that. Your rose Floradora will thank you for it.
Getting your rose Floradora into the ground is not a difficult task and most growers can get the job done with just a few basic hand tools. How you go about planting your rose does depend a little bit on how you purchased it. If you bought one at a local nursery, then chances are it was already established for you in a container. These are real easy to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This will give you plenty of room around the roots for your soil mix while keeping the bud union at its original depth.
If you bought your Floradora roses online, then more than likely they were shipped to you as bareroot plants, which is not uncommon. You should first soak the roots of these in a bucket of room temperature water prior to planting day. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots and deep enough to allow you to set the plant on a mound of soil while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or so below the surface.
Once you have your rose Floradora set in place on top of the mound, spread the roots out in all directions and then back fill the hole about halfway to start, using your soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then go ahead and finish filling the hole the rest of the way. Give the soil one more heavy watering and be sure to top off any final settling that might occur. Do not tamp down the soil.
Taking care of the rose Floradora is much the same as any other rose and if you have any prior experience growing roses, that will certainly come in handy here. You will need to provide your roses with enough water and nutrients while taking care not to overdo it. For most mild climates, this amounts to about one deep watering every week. If you live in a hot or dry region, then you should check on your roses every 4 to 5 days.
You also should consider giving your Floradora roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves begin to open. This will give your roses a fast start to the season. Like most Floribunda roses, this one is also a repeat bloomer, which means it will benefit nicely from a few additional feedings over the growing season. I will usually give my roses their second feeding right after the first big bloom, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of the summer to encourage late season flushes. Your rose Floradora should do nicely on this schedule as well.
You should prune the rose Floradora in the early spring after the weather breaks but before the leaves begin to open. This makes pruning so much easier. Start by removing all the dead and discolored wood from the plant and set your cuttings aside. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes so that these do not compete for sun light once the leaves have opened. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the best time to clean up around the base of your Floradora roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris that may have collected there the previous growing season. Throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let dead matter lay around your roses as it can quickly turn into a breeding ground for pests and diseases. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Floradora a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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