History of Fred Howard Roses:
The hybrid tea rose Fred Howard was first bred in 1952 in the United States by Fred Howard, and it was later introduced to market by the retail nursery Howard & Smith out of California. This particular variety was an All-America Selection back in 1952 and it was created by crossing the Pearl Harbor rose with a generic seedling. The result is a pinkish orange rose that produces ample blooms that average around 4 inches in diameter.
The blooms on Fred Howard roses will be typical for hybrid tea roses and they will have a range of hues from pink to orange, and yellow to gold. They will have a mild fragrance and the blooms will be very full with as many as 50 to 60 petals per bloom. This vigorous grower tends to have an upright and compact growth habit and it will lend itself well to being grown in a container on your porch or patio. Typical for most hybrid teas, the rose Fred Howard will do well in zones 6 through 9.
Growing Fred Howard Roses:
Growing the rose Fred Howard is a relatively easy task and if you have any prior experience growing roses of any type, then you will most likely already have a pretty good handle on what you need to do. The most important thing that you can do for your roses is provide them with a lot of sun light. Roses in general will need a lot of direct light if you want them to provide you with their best performance. When choosing a spot to grow them in your garden, try to find one that gets no less than 6 to 8 hours each day of full sun.
You also will need to make sure that you are growing your Fred Howard roses in soil that drains well. This goes a long way towards keeping your roses healthy and blooming. This is also not very hard to do as there are a wide range of growing mixes available on the market today so you just need to select the one you prefer. Another thing to consider is choosing a site that exposes your rose to the natural air currents in your garden. This is especially helpful for keeping the leaves of your rose Fred Howard dry.
Planting Fred Howard Roses:
Getting your rose Fred Howard into the ground is also pretty straight forward but it does depend a little bit on how you purchased your rose. If you bought one from a local nursery, then more than likely it was already established in a container and ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This will keep the bud union at its current depth while still giving you plenty of room around the roots for your soil mix.
If you bought your Fred Howard roses online, then they might have shipped them to you as bareroot plants, which is not uncommon. You should first soak these overnight in a bucket of room temperature water prior to planting day. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots, and deep enough to allow you to set the plant on top of a mound of soil while keeping the bud union about an inch below the surface of the soil.
Once you have your rose Fred Howard in place on top of the mound, spread the roots out in all directions and then back fill the hole about halfway using your soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, than you can go ahead and fill the hole the rest of the way. Give the loose soil one more heavy watering and top off any final settling that might occur. This method should prevent any air pockets from forming around the roots.
Depending on your climate around planting time, you may want to mound up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes of the plant, to help prevent them from drying out while new growth is forming.
Caring for Fred Howard Roses:
Taking care of the rose Fred Howard is not difficult and once again, if you have any experience growing roses then you won’t find this variety very challenging. You will need to make sure that you provide your rose with ample water while taking care not to overdo it. For most mild climates, this amounts to around one deep watering per week. If you live in a hot or dry climate, then you should check your roses every couple of days.
You also should consider giving your Fred Howard roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the springtime when you see the leaves starting to form. This will give your roses a great jump on the year. Like most hybrid tea roses, this one is also a repeat bloomer so it will benefit much from some additional feedings throughout the year. I will usually give my roses their second feeding immediately following the first big bloom, and then a third feeding around the middle of summer to encourage late season flushes. Your rose Fred Howard will do well on this schedule also.
Pruning Fred Howard Roses:
You should always prune your rose Fred Howard in the very early spring before the leaves begin to form. This just makes it so much easier to see what you are doing. Start by removing all the dead and discolored wood from the plant and set your cuttings aside for now. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes as these will ultimately compete for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height.
This is also the time to clean up around the base of your Fred Howard roses to get rid of any dead leaves and debris. Throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let dead matter lay around your roses. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Fred Howard a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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