History of Peace Roses:
The hybrid tea rose Peace was first bred in 1935 in France by Francis Meilland later introduced to market in the United States by Conard-Pyle in 1945. Meilland was a famous French rose breeder who is credited with bringing a wide range of varieties to market. This rose was created by crossing elements of several different hybrid tea roses, including the roses Margaret McGredy, George Dickson, and Joanna Hill. The result is a yellow rose that has soft pink edges.
The blooms on Peace roses are quite large, averaging around 6 inches in diameter and they will have a fairly strong fragrance. The blooms will also be very full with as many as 40 or more petals each. The plant itself will be of an average size for a hybrid tea, growing to around 6 feet tall and about 3 feet across. The rose Peace is somewhat more hardy than other hybrid teas and it will do well in zones 5 and warmer, however in the colder climates you should provide it with some freeze protection during the very early spring nights.
Growing Peace Roses:
Growing the rose Peace is pretty straight forward and it is not unlike the other type of roses you may have grown in the past. The biggest choice you will make in the life of your roses is where in the garden you grow them. Roses require a lot of sun light to do their best work so try and select a location that gets as much exposure as you can. At a minimum you will want to provide your roses with at least 6 to 8 hours a day of full sun.
You also will want to find a spot that subjects your Peace roses to the natural air currents through your garden. This is one thing I see many growers make a mistake on. Exposing your roses to air flow actually helps keep the leaves of the plant dry, especially after the morning dew, and that in turn keeps the plant much healthier. The soil you grow your rose Peace into is also very important. The soil should drain well to keep the roots of the rose from rotting and also to help the plant fight off certain pests and diseases such as blackspot.
Planting Peace Roses:
Getting your rose Peace into the ground is not a difficult task and most folks can get the job done rather easily with just a few basic hand tools. If you bought your rose from a local nursery, chances are it was already planted in a container and ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant. Dig your hole at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This will keep the bud union at its current depth while giving you plenty of room around the roots for your soil mix.
If you ordered your Peace roses from an online retailer, then chances are they were shipped to you as bareroot plants, which is not uncommon. You should first soak these overnight in a bucket of room temperature water prior to planting day to rehydrate the roots. Then dig your hole as wide as the longest roots on the plant, and deep enough so you can set the plant on top of a mound of soil while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or so below the surface of the soil.
Once you have your rose Peace set in place, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and then back fill the hole about halfway using your soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then you can fill the hole the rest of the way. Give it one more deep watering and top off any final settling that might occur. This method should make sure that you don’t have air pockets around the roots under the soil.
Depending on your climate, you also may want to mound up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes until new growth has formed. At which point you can remove the mound back to ground level.
Caring for Peace Roses:
Taking care of the rose Peace is fairly easy and if you have any experience growing roses, you won’t find this one challenging. You will need to make sure that you are providing your roses with ample water, while taking care not to overdo it. For most mild climates this amounts to about one deep watering per week. If you live in a hot or dry region, then you should check your roses every couple of days to ensure proper moisture.
You also should consider giving your Peace roses a dose of a granular all-purpose fertilizer in the spring when you see the leaves forming. This will give your roses a great jump on the season. Like most hybrid tea roses, this one is also a repeat bloomer so it will benefit greatly from a few additional feedings over the course of the growing season. I will usually give my roses a second feeding immediately following the first big bloom, and then a third feeding around the middle of the summer. Your rose Peace will do well on this schedule also.
Pruning Peace Roses:
You should prune your rose Peace in the very early spring before you see the leaves budding. This will make it much easier to see what you are doing. Start by removing all the dead and discolored canes from the plant and set your cuttings aside. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes as these will eventually compete for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the time to rake up around the base of your Peace roses and get rid of all the dead leaves and debris that might have collected there from the previous season. Throw away all of this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let decaying matter lay around your roses. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Peace a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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