History of the Rose Gaujard:
This stunning red rose was bred by Jean Gaujard in France during the mid 20th century. While many of his other roses are extremely popular in France and other regions outside of the US, the rose that bears his name is arguably the most famous rose he ever created. This hybrid tea rose is so popular that it is still wildly purchased around the world, more than 50 years after its introduction. This impressive rose was created by crossing the hybrid tea Peace rose with an offspring of the hybrid tea Opera rose.
One of the features that makes the Rose Gaujard so stunning is bright cherry red petals that fade to a light pink or silvery reverse. This variety has a very mild fragrance compared to others of its kind however the blooms it produces are sure to impress all who view it. You can expect the double blooms to be around 4 inches in diameter and be very full, carrying more than 40 petals each. This old fashioned exhibition rose will bloom in flushes for much of the growing season.
Growing the Rose Gaujard:
This hybrid tea rose grows as a bush that you can expect to reach heights of about 4 feet tall and roughly 3 feet wide. It is a continuous flowering variety as we mentioned earlier, so this is a great rose to use somewhere in your landscaping ideas that will get a lot of traffic. This is not the type of rose that you would want to bury out in a corner where no one can appreciate it. It is not a very shade tolerant variety so be sure you give this rose a nice sunny location where it will receive at least 6 to 8 hours a day of full sun light.
Most rose growers consider the Rose Gaujard to be a very thorny rose, meaning it is above average for its type. While this rose has only an average resistance to most diseases, it is not a particular favorite of bees and other wildlife. This deciduous rose is not terribly resistant to drought conditions, so be sure you give it adequate water wherever you decide to plant it! The deep leathery green leaves are a nice contrast to the soft delicate blooms. This variety of rose take anywhere from 2 to 5 years to reach full maturity, depending on the growing conditions.
Planting the Rose Gaujard:
Planting your Rose Gaujard is rather straight forward and before you get started I highly recommend that you pick up a bag of organic compost from your local garden center, if you don't make your own at home. When you dig the hole, take the loose soil and mix it with the compost at a ratio of 2 parts soil to 1 part compost. You would be amazed at how quickly your roses get established with such a simple soil mix.
Now for a bareroot plant, you will first need to soak it in a bucket of lukewarm water overnight before planting it into the ground. Dig yourself a hole that is wide enough to fit all of the roots it came with, without forcing them into the hole. Also make sure that you dig the hole deep enough to allow you to mound up some soil in the center and maintain the bud union about an inch or two below the surface of the soil once filled.
Once your rose is set in place and the roots are spread outward around the mound, back fill the hole about halfway with your new soil mix and then water it nice and heavy until it is almost like mud. Then go ahead and back fill the hole the rest of the way. This will help ensure that no air pockets have formed and that the roots are completely covered.
If your rose came in a container then it is already established and probably ready to bloom. For these, dig a hole that is twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This will give you adequate room for your new soil mix and it will also maintain the bud union at the same depth it was before. This is important!
Caring for the Rose Gaujard:
Taking care of your rose is very easy if you follow basic rose care. Make sure that you provide adequate water without over-watering it. A good rule of thumb I've found is one deep watering every week. If Mother Nature is not doing her job, supplement with the garden hose.
I always give my roses a dose of an all-purpose granular fertilizer in early spring when the leaves start to open. Since this is a repeat bloomer, you may want to consider additional feedings over the growing season. I will usually give the second feeding right before the first big bloom pops and then a third feeding in midsummer to promote more blooms. Always follow the directions on your fertilizer closely and I typically will wait at least 4 weeks in between each feeding.
Pruning the Rose Gaujard:
Pruning Rose Gaujard is pretty straight forward and you can follow typical pruning practices as you would with other hybrid teas. Be sure that you remove any canes that are dead and definitely remove any diseased canes as soon as you discover them, before they can infect the rest of the plant. If you have two canes that cross one another, be sure to clip off one of them, saving the healthiest cane that is closest to the union bud. Make sure you pull off, do not cut off, any suckers that shoot out from below the union bud.
The basic goal of any rose pruning is to have an open air plant with all canes forming directly out of the union bud. This not only will lead to a healthier plant with more prolific blooms, but it also improves the airflow through the plant and helps prevent diseases.
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