History of Tropicana Roses:
The hybrid tea rose Tropicana was first bred in 1960 in Germany by Mathias Tantau Jr. It was later introduced into the US in 1962 by Jackson & Perkins. This variety was created by crossing a seed plant from the Peace rose, and a pollen plant from the Alpine Glow rose. The result is an orange hued rose with pink undertones on the reverse of the petals.
This rose will produce very nice blooms that will reach up to about 5 inches in diameter. They will be somewhat full and contain around 30 or so petals each. Tropicana roses have blooms that give off a strong fragrance that will smell like fruit, making it a wonderful choice for cut flower arrangements. The plant itself will grow quite tall in your garden, anywhere from 4 to 6 feet in height at full maturity. The plant will stay somewhat slender and stay about 3 feet across. The rose Tropicana is a little susceptible to mildew and it is not a big fan of extreme colds, so try to keep it in zones 7 and warmer.
Growing Tropicana Roses:
Growing the rose Tropicana is not unlike other hybrid tea roses you may have grown in the past. The biggest decision that you will make in the life of your roses is where to plant them. Since this particular rose is susceptible to mildew, and is also not a fan of extreme cold, it raises a few considerations. You should try to keep this rose in a location that gets good airflow, as this will help to keep the leaves dry and healthier.
You should make sure that your Tropicana roses are growing in soil that drains well. This will keep the roots from staying too damp and this too will help keep the plant healthier. The amount of sun light you give your roses is extremely important. As a general rule of thumb, try to give them no less than 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. If you are on the colder side of the zone chart and want to grow the rose Tropicana, you may find that you have luck growing it up against the foundation of your home, where the soil temperature may stay higher than say a flower bed in the middle of your garden.
Planting Tropicana Roses:
Planting the rose Tropicana is pretty straight forward and if you have some basic hand tools and a little ambition, you can get the job done rather quickly. If you bought your rose from a local nursery, then it was probably already planted in a container and ready to bloom. These are real easy to plant. Dig the hole twice the diameter of the container it came in, and equally as deep. This keeps the bud union at its original depth, while giving your plenty of room around the roots for your soil mix.
If you bought your Tropicana roses online, then there is a good chance they shipped the plants to you as bareroot. You should first soak these overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water prior to planting day, to rehydrate the roots. Then dig a hole that is as wide as the longest roots, and deep enough to set the plant atop a mound of soil, while keeping the bud union no more than an inch or two below the surface.
Once you have your rose Tropicana set in place, spread the roots out in all directions around the mound and back fill the hole halfway to start. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then go ahead and back fill the rest of the way. Give the soil one more heavy watering and then top off any final settling that may have occurred. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
You also may want to consider mounding up some fresh mulch around the exposed canes until new growth has formed. This will help prevent them from drying out.
Caring for Tropicana Roses:
Taking care of the rose Tropicana is just like taking care of most roses and you can follow the same basic guidelines here. You will need to provide ample water to your roses while being careful not to overdo it. For most temperate climates, one deep watering per week is sufficient. If you live in a hot or dry region, you should check your roses every couple of days.
You also can give your Tropicana roses a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in the early spring when the leaves appear. This will give them a great start to the season. Since these are repeat bloomers like most hybrid tea roses, they will benefit from a couple more feedings over the course of the growing season. I will usually give my roses a second feeding just after the first big bloom, and then a third feeding sometime around the middle of summer to encourage some late season blooms. Your rose Tropicana will do well on this schedule also.
Pruning Tropicana Roses:
You should prune your rose Tropicana in the early spring before the leaves have begun to form. Start by removing all the dead and discolored wood from the plant and set the cuttings aside. Next, prune back any overlapping lateral canes so these do not compete for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a cut back by about one third of their current height to promote new growth.
This is also the time to clean up around the base of your Tropicana roses and get rid of any dead leaves or debris that has collected there. Throw away all of this material in the trash, along with your cuttings. Never let decaying matter lay around your roses. Finish up your pruning by giving your rose Tropicana a fresh new layer of mulch to start off the growing season.
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