History of Veilchenblau Roses:
The rose Veilchenblau was first bred in 1909 in Germany by Johann Christoph Schmidt. It was created by crossing a seedling of the Crimson Rambler rose with the Erinnerung an Brod rose. The result was a nearly thornless climbing rose that produced small violet blooms with white streaks or stripes across the petals. The Veilchenblau is a great unique rose that works in just about any place in your garden or landscaping ideas.
Veilchenblau roses will grow to heights of about 10 to 20 feet tall and can spread out as much as 12 feet across, so this is a rose that needs a lot of space. The fact that it is nearly thornless is a big bonus to many growers. The blooms on the rose Veilchenblau will stay pretty small, about 1.5 inches in diameter and they will have a fragrance that smells much like the lily of the valley plant. This rose will thrive in zones 4 and warmer though if you are hoping that this purple beauty is a repeat bloomer, it unfortunately isn't. It will bloom once early in the season and that is it.
Growing Veilchenblau Roses:
The rose Veilchenblau is actually pretty tolerant of shady locations, which makes it an extremely versatile plant. This would make a great choice if you have a large section of a fence or other structure that is unadorned and you don't mind this rose climbing up the side of it. While it will tolerate partial shade and perform rather well for you in those conditions, roses in general do their best work if given a site that gets full sun light for much of the day. A good rule of thumb is 6 to 8 hours a day of direct sun light.
If you are able to provide the rose Veilchenblau with exposure to the morning sun light as well, that is preferable as this will go a long way towards drying out the morning dew from the leaves and keeping the plant healthy. You should also try to find a location for your Veilchenblau roses that has soil that is well drained. While this variety doesn't have any unusual susceptibilities to diseases, roses are often afflicted with common ailments such as blackspot and mildew, that can be cause by over exposure to moisture.
Planting Veilchenblau Roses:
Planting the rose Veilchenblau is not difficult and just about anyone can get the job done with a few basic hand tools and a little bit of motivation. I always suggest to new gardeners (and sometimes older ones as well) that before they do any digging, to swing by the local garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost. When you dig your hole, mix in this compost with the loose soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. This gives new plants such a boost and helps them establish themselves quickly.
How you plant your Veilchenblau roses depends in part of how you purchased them. If you bought them locally, then more than likely they were already established in containers and probably ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant because the guesswork has already been done for you. Dig yourself a hole that is at least twice the diameter of the container and equally as deep. This gives you ample room for your new soil mix around the root ball, while keeping the bud union at the same depth it was in the container.
If you purchased your rose Veilchenblau online, they most likely shipped it to you as a bareroot plant. These are not as intimidating as they look, but they do require a little more attention when planting. The first thing you should do is soak the plants overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water to help re-hydrate the plant. Then dig yourself a hole that is as wide as the longest roots the plant came with, and deep enough so that you can set the plant atop a mound of soil and keep the bud union about an inch or two below the surface.
Once you have the rose Veilchenblau set in place, spread the roots out in all directions down the sides of the mound. Then back fill the hole about halfway with your new soil mix to start. Take your garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud, then go ahead and back fill the hole the rest of the way. Give it one more watering to fully settle the soil and top off if needed. This should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots.
Caring for Veilchenblau Roses:
The most critical thing you have to do to take care of the rose Veilchenblau is make sure that it receives adequate water, but be careful not to over water it. Too little water and the plant will not get enough nutrients. Too much water and you will end up soaking the roots for long periods of time, which can lead to a whole host of problems. A good rule of thumb is one deep watering every week, unless you live in a hot or dry region, then you may need to step it up to every 4 to 5 days.
You can also give your Veilchenblau roses a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in early spring when the leaves start to form. This will give it a great start to the growing season. I have learned from past experience to stay away from the liquid chemical fertilizers when feeding my roses as many types of roses will burn easily if the fertilizer is not applied precisely.
Pruning Veilchenblau Roses:
You should prune the rose Veilchenblau in early spring before the leaves start to bud. Start by removing any dead wood from the plant, as well as any canes that look like they might be discolored from disease. Next, prune back any lateral canes that overlap one another so they do not compete for sun light when the leaves fully open. Lastly, give the remaining canes a light pruning for shape and to promote new growth.
This is also a good time to rake up around the base of your rose Veilchenblau and clean up any dead leaves and debris that has collected there from the previous season. Never let this material lay around your roses as it can turn into a breeding ground for pests and diseases. Throw this material away in the trash, along with your cuttings. Never toss them into the compost pile. I always finish up by giving my roses a fresh layer of mulch.
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