History of Zephirine Drouhin Roses:
The rose Zephirine Drouhin was first bred in France in 1868 by Bizot. This parentage of this climbing Bourbon rose is not fully known however this old garden rose is still available commercially to this day. The Zephirine Drouhin has many uses in the garden and is often grown as a hedge rose for various landscaping ideas. This pink climbing rose produces gorgeous pink blooms that average 4 inches in diameter and produce a heavy damask fragrance.
Zephirine Drouhin roses will grow somewhat tall in the right location, reaching heights of 10 to 15 feet tall. They will also achieve a spread of anywhere from 6 to 8 feet across at full maturity. The blooms of this climbing rose have an average petal count with 20 to 30 petals each. One of the most desirable traits of the rose Zephirine Drouhin is the fact that it is almost thornless, which makes it a great choice for growers who want the beauty of roses in their gardens, but aren't sure if they want to deal with thorns.
Growing Zephirine Drouhin Roses:
The rose Zephirine Drouhin is a very hardy rose that will thrive in zones 5 through 10 and can be grown either as a shrub or as a climbing rose. Another great trait about this rose is it is tolerant of shady locations, making it suitable for many places in the garden that other roses simply would not do well in. Zephirine Drouhin is a repeat bloomer so even though it is tolerant of shade, roses in general will almost always give their best performance if you can find them a location that gets full sun light.
A good rule of thumb when choosing a spot for your Zephirine Drouhin roses is to pick a spot that gets a minimum of 6 to 8 hours a day of direct sun light. While this variety of rose will do well in partial shade, you will certainly get the most blooms in a full sun location. The rose Zephirine Drouhin is also susceptible to the common rose diseases mildew and blackspot. You should make sure that the soil you plant this rose in is well drained. If you can also plant it in a spot that gets exposure to the morning sun, that will go a long way towards drying off the leaves of the plant early in the day and keeping the rose bush healthy.
Planting Zephirine Drouhin Roses:
Planting the rose Zephirine Drouhin is pretty easy and just about anyone can accomplish the task with a little motivation and a few hand tools. The first thing you should do is make a trip to the local nursery or garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost. When you dig the hole for your rose, mix in the compost with the loose soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil. Your rose Zephirine Drouhin will absolutely love it.
How you go about planting your Zephirine Drouhin roses depends in part on how you purchased them. If you bought them from a local nursery then they were most likely already planted and established in a container. These are among the easiest to plant because all the guesswork has already been done for you. Dig a hole that is at least twice the diameter of the container that the plant came in, and equally as deep. This will give you ample room for your new soil mix around the roots while still keeping the bud union at the same depth it was in the container. This is very important.
If you ordered your rose Zephirine Drouhin online, then more than likely they shipped it to you as a bareroot plant. The first thing you should do is soak the plant overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water prior to planting day, to rehydrate the roots. Then dig a hole that is as wide as the longest roots, and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil and still keep the bud union an inch or two below the surface of the soil.
Set your rose Zephirine Drouhin in place and spread the roots out in all directions around the mound. Back fill the hole halfway to start with your new soil mix. Take the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily until it flows around the roots like mud. Then back fill the hole the rest of the way and give it one more heavily watering, being sure to top off any settling that may occur. This method should ensure that no air pockets have formed around the roots. It is also recommended that you mound up some soil or mulch around the exposed canes for the first weeks, until new growth forms. You can then remove the mound back to ground level. This will help prevent the canes from drying out.
Caring for Zephirine Drouhin Roses:
Taking care of the rose Zephirine Drouhin is pretty easy and you can have great success if you follow some basic rose bush care maintenance. You will need to make sure that you provide adequate water for your roses without keeping them soaked for long periods of time. A good rule of thumb is one deep watering every week. If you are unsure, stick your finger into the soil at the base of the plant. If it comes out wet, then they do not need watered yet.
Your Zephirine Drouhin roses should be fed with an all-purpose granular fertilizer in early spring, when the leaves begin to form. Since this is a repeat bloomer, the rose Zephirine Drouhin will benefit greatly from additional feedings throughout the growing season. I will typically give my roses a second feeding just before the first big bloom, and then a third feeding sometime around mid summer to promote additional late season blooms.
Pruning Zephirine Drouhin Roses:
You should prune your Zephirine Drouhin in early spring before the leaves start to open so you can see what you are doing. Start by removing all the dead wood from the plant, as well as any canes that look discolored from disease. Next, prune back any lateral canes that overlap one another, as these will compete for sunlight once the leaves open. Lastly, give your climbing roses a light pruning for shape, and to encourage new growth.
You should rake up around the base of your roses to clean up any dead leaves and debris that may have collected there from the previous season. Allowing this material to lay around can lead to a breeding ground for various pests and diseases. Throw away all of your cuttings and rakings in the trash and never throw them into the compost bin. Finish up by giving your roses a fresh layer of mulch.
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